For decades, Ethiopia has faced the harsh realities of extreme hunger and famine. In 1984, nearly 1 million people died due to the famine and still affect the lives of Ethiopians and their government today. The recent El Nino has heightened crop failure and the livestock of thousands. As a result, this has led to the extreme hunger that once again threatens the lives of 10 million people in Ethiopia.
Last year, the consequences of the climate phenomenon led to the drought that wreaked havoc and caused farms to suffer from extensive crop failures with little chance to recover. But that’s not all.
Here’s what you must know about the droughts in Ethiopia.
Government Protects Citizens Against Hunger
Unlike other countries in the Sahara, Ethiopia has had a recorded double growth in the economy within the past ten years. The government also has a social protection plan that was created to protect those in poverty and at risk from starving.
It is through this scheme that over 6 million people in Ethiopia work five days a month during the lean season for 13 kg of cereal and 4 kg of pulses in return. But what about those who can’t work? The millions of citizens who are unable to work due to age or illness will receive a food handout or cash.
Despite the plan and commitment for funds, the Ethiopian government needs the help from the international community due to the large scale and damage of the drought.
Farms are losing their livelihoods
In most areas, people are reliant on their livestock as weak animals are dying from thirst and hunger. It is due to the drought that farmers are trying to sell their animals to raise enough money for food and supply. However, in situations as these, the price for food rises while the price of livestock falls. As a result, women and children are on the rise for severe acute malnutrition.
What are your thoughts on the drought in Ethiopia? How can we help those suffering from the drought? Comment below and tell us what you think!